College of Health Professions (CHP)

Date of Last Revision

2023-05-03 18:27:42


Exercise Science - PrePhysical Therapy

Honors Course


Number of Credits


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Date of Expected Graduation

Winter 2019


Performing a regular strength training routine leads to a plethora of beneficial physiological and psychological changes. A gender disparity exists with participation rates of strength training. There is a possible discrepancy in knowledge and education provided to males and females based on their physical activity and exercise backgrounds. The design of this study is an effort to better understand potential barriers females may experience and serve as a needs-assessment tool to identify females’ views of strength training participation. This study sought to explore views of strength training among females and to determine if consensus exists and how views may aid to increase female participation and adherence in strength training. The researchers chose Q methodology as a means to investigate subjective viewpoint(s) of females regarding strength training. Fifty-nine participants sorted 44 statements related to 5 overarching strength training themes. The statements were ranked using a Q-sort grid, from +5 (most like my view) to -5 (most unlike my view) based on personal opinion in conjunction with open ended questions. Data analysis, using factor analysis and qualitative themes, revealed two factors, Factor 1, The Equipped Exercisers and Factor 2, Roadblockers emerged as the main perspectives. Consensus between Factor 1 and Factor 2, included the importance of properly lifting weights to maintain safety, along with opposing views including whether strength training was found to be enjoyable. These two distinct views help to capture females’ subjective views of strength training as a means to recognize variance in participation rates. Understanding the prevalence of strength training disparities among females may be helpful to address interest and adherence among females. This study is the first step into creating ideas that may aid with assessment and interventions advocating for increased awareness.

Research Sponsor

Dr. Laura Richardson

First Reader

Carrie Fister

Second Reader

Dr. Sue Ramlo

Honors Faculty Advisor

Dr. Laura Richardson



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.