The development of formal vocational guidance for women has been stalled by gender roles and expectations, restriction of occupational opportunities, and societal norms. Among women, the development of formal vocational guidance has also been stunted by racism and classism. A review of diverse women’s occupational experiences, vocational guidance, and utilization of interest inventories throughout the early to mid-1900s is provided. The impact of increased opportunities, social attitudes, and WWII on women’s occupation experience is explored. However, these opportunities mostly benefitted affluent White women, and the early literature contains little mention of diverse groups of women. During the first half of the 20th century, most women of color and women with fewer financial resources were excluded from formal vocational guidance. Thus, historical literature, contextual information, and contemporary analysis are provided to explore the development of vocational guidance for women, and underrepresented diverse women in particular. This paper highlights the historical roots of modern sexism in career counseling, and the need for cultural attitude shifts in addition to increasing women’s presence in various occupational fields.
Alshabani, Nuha; Gonzalez Lopez, Alejandra; Graham, Erika L.; and Soto, Samsara
"A Historical Analysis of the Vocational Guidance of Women,"
Psychology from the Margins: Vol. 2
, Article 1.
Available at: https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/psychologyfromthemargins/vol2/iss1/1