Date of Last Revision
Emergency Management and Homeland Security
Bachelor of Science
Date of Expected Graduation
This research analyzes the extent to which the hydraulic fracturing process contributes to seismic activity in the State of Ohio and compares Ohio’s fracking induced seismicity with other case studies from the States of Texas, Pennsylvania, and Oklahoma. It distinguishes and addresses the differences in risks that fracking poses in conventional natural gas wells versus unconventional horizontal wells where natural gas is extracted from reservoirs with low permeability. Ohio’s earthquake history, fracking history, current fracking regulations, and restrictions on local regulations were thoroughly investigated to determine just how much fracking has affected the state’s seismicity rate. Since 2011, when unconventional natural gas development began occurring, Ohio has experienced a significant increase in both microseismicity and 2.0+ magnitude earthquakes. Earthquakes and hydraulic fracturing were studied from an emergency management perspective through the examination of local hazard mitigation plans from each of the state’s 88 counties to determine what, if any, mitigative strategies were being implemented by local emergency management agencies. Potential mitigative strategies that local emergency management agencies could implement to reduce the risks that fracking poses have also been discussed.
Dr. Robert M. Schwartz
Dr. Terry O'Sullivan
Judele, Claudia, "Fracking and Induced Seismicity Mitigation in Ohio" (2019). Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects. 883.