Date of Graduation

Spring 2018

Document Type

Honors Research Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing



Research Sponsor

Debra Horning

First Reader

Michele Zelko

Second Reader

Mary Burton


In the United States, 3.978 million babies were born in the year 2015 (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2016). Statistics show that less than 25% of newborns in the United States are breastfed for half of the recommended time by The American Academy of Pediatrics. There are many benefits to breastfeeding, but babies are not receiving these benefits. This systematic review identifies, reviews, and critically appraises the evidence regarding the effect of lactation consultation on duration of breastfeeding in new mothers. Literature was retrieved from CINAHL and Google Scholar. Each study was vetted based on criteria to fully describe the current state of the science. The researchers from the studies reported mixed results. Most studies found that lactation consultants do increase the duration of breastfeeding, while other studies claimed the results were not significant enough to make a definite conclusion.