Date of Graduation

Fall 2015

Document Type

Honors Research Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science


Exercise Science - PrePhysical Therapy

Research Sponsor

Rachele Kapler

First Reader

Eileen Boone

Second Reader

Laura Richardson


This article examines current research on the topic of reducing postoperative complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic condition with rapidly increasing prevalence. Patients with type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to undergo surgery for comorbid conditions compared to individuals without the disease (Zantidis, Iliadis, & Didangelos, 2011). Aside from higher instances of surgical intervention, type 2 diabetic patients experience a higher rate of perioperative complications compared to individuals without the disease (Holt, 2012). Concurrent conditions such as peripheral neuropathy and hyperglycemia put diabetic patients at a higher risk of surgical complications and even mortality (Chuah, Papamargaritis, Pillai, Krishnamoorthy, & le Roux, 2013). Much research has been done exploring the various complications associated with surgical intervention in type 2 diabetics. However, there has yet to be a universally accepted approach to reducing such complications (Chuah et al., 2013). The purpose of this study is to examine current research to create a comprehensive policy that health care professionals should follow when treating type 2 diabetic surgical patients in order to reduce instances of perioperative complications. Two physical therapists were also interviewed to provide qualitative data on what is currently being done in the field to manage type 2 diabetic complications.