College of Engineering and Polymer Science

Date of Last Revision

2023-05-05 15:01:17


Civil Engineering

Honors Course


Number of Credits


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Date of Expected Graduation

Spring 2022


Throughout daily traveling, the main structures used are bridges and tunnels. Bridges are used as overpasses over valleys, canyons, and areas that require a large amount of dirt fill to bring the roadway up to the proper grade. Tunnels are underpasses through mountains, under city limits and waterways. The benefits of building a bridge structure is little preparation goes into earth-work and the transportation of aggregate materials. There is some time spent testing surrounding soil to determine the process that will need to occur for foundation preparations in bridge columns. Options for foundation include different types of drilled shafts, caissons, concrete and steel piling. On the other hand, tunneling revolves around earth-work and testing the soil to see what materials will need to be used to prevent collapse within the tunnel. The overall purpose of this research is to determine if tunneling under or building a bridge over a waterway is more beneficial financially, environmentally, and is the better decision from an engineering design aspect when it comes to the construction and maintenance for each structure.

Research Sponsor

Dr. Anil Patnaik

First Reader

Dr. Ala R Abbas

Second Reader


Honors Faculty Advisor

Ping Yi



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