Buchtel College of Arts and Sciences

Date of Last Revision

2023-05-05 02:13:07


Criminology and Criminal Justice

Honors Course


Number of Credits


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Date of Expected Graduation

Fall 2021


Police departments, like all public agencies, are limited by their budgets and may struggle to recruit and retain qualified officers. In policing, a majority of the budget is spend on salaries, pensions, and benefits. This is increasingly important to look because we have seen calls for defunding the police over the summer of 2020 and certain localities like Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York City have made cuts to their police department. With a loss of budget, some departments had to downsize on specialized units, which played a role in an increase in crime rates. In the case of New York City, shooting incidents are up 100% while homicides are up 38% compared to the same time in 2019. However, some cities were forced to cut their police department’s budget from the economic crisis of the pandemic. Overall, the COVID-19 pandemic, issues of de-policing, and recruitment and retention challenges were underlying issues that influenced changes in crimes rates in 2020.

Research Sponsor

Dr. David Licate

First Reader

Professor Sarah St. George

Second Reader

Professor Insun Park

Honors Faculty Advisor

Dr. David Licate



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