Buchtel College of Arts and Sciences

Date of Last Revision

2023-05-04 20:41:16


Mechanical Engineering

Honors Course


Number of Credits


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Date of Expected Graduation

Spring 2022


The objective of this project is to modify the previous testing apparatus used by Dr. M. Hoo Fatt for exploration of Crushing Behavior of Polymer Foams in Sandwich Structures Operating in Arctic Regions commissioned by the Office of Naval Research and performed under the University of Akron’s Mechanical Engineering testing facilities. To do this, it is required to design a system capable of operating at a constant temperature during a testing cycle, reaching down to -60⁰C. This apparatus must also be compatible with prior equipment, facilities, persons, samples, and media.

Primarily, a copper-tube refrigeration coil design was considered to lead into an ambient-air heat exchanger. This would keep the pressure and temperature operations a single-series circuit where the temperature procedure would facilitate the pressure procedure. After running design calculations, it was determined this preliminary design would be inefficient. The final design made use of the economizing features built into the liquid nitrogen tank that would already be provided for the system by Airgas. This final design was determined to maximize the capital investment in the Airgas liquid nitrogen tank and product within, use product before it boiled off over time, and reduce capital costs needed to upgrade the existing test apparatus developed by Dr. Hoo Fatt’s team for the low-temperature test cycles under the specified pressure cycles as well as reduce the apparatus size. Thus, this increased portability, constructability, cost efficiency, and system effectiveness overall. Suggestions were made for other components of the apparatus not explored in this report.

Research Sponsor

Dr. Michelle Hoo Fatt

First Reader

Dr. Gopal R. Nadkarni

Second Reader

Dr. Michelle Hoo Fatt

Honors Faculty Advisor

Dr. Scott Sawyer

NTA+WHC-HRP+Final+Signature+Page.pdf (227 kB)
Honors Signature Page



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.