College

Buchtel College of Arts and Sciences

Date of Last Revision

2021-05-06 08:53:54

Major

Nursing

Honors Course

Senior Honors Project

Number of Credits

5

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Date of Expected Graduation

Spring 2021

Abstract

The availability of health and nutrition knowledge is disproportionately lower in minority populations compared to their majority counterparts despite minority populations at higher risk for health problems related to poor dietary habits from cultural and social influences. The purpose of this project was to determine if a weekly, culturally competent, group-delivered, nutrition education intervention affected nutrition knowledge in minority adults. The project was a smaller arm of the FABU study, which provided the education intervention. This study was guided by Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory and used a quantitative non-experimental design with a convenience sample of adults living in lower-income, minority adult housing. Data were collected at the beginning and end of the FABU project’s 8-week nutrition intervention, and nutrition knowledge was measured with the Nutrition Knowledge questionnaire. T-tests were used to determine differences in pre and post-nutrition knowledge (N=19). The key finding was that there was no significant change in nutrition knowledge (p=0.53) after participation in an 8-week, weekly, culturally competent nutrition education intervention. However, data collection, sample size, and nutrition education intervention were disrupted due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Therefore, a larger sample, longer time for implementing the intervention, and increased data collection points may provide different results.

Research Sponsor

Christin Graor PhD APRN BC

First Reader

Diane Christensen DNP RN CCRN

Second Reader

Karen Fitzgerald MSN APRN BC

Honors Faculty Advisor

Christine Graor PhD APRN BC

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