College of Health Professions

Date of Last Revision

2021-09-10 15:14:47



Honors Course

Honors Nursing Research

Number of Credits


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Date of Expected Graduation

Spring 2021


Smoking prevalence in college students is increasing and intervention studies have resulted in inconsistent findings. In this systematic review, the following PICO question is addressed: In college students ages 18 to 24, are cognitive-behavioral modification therapies more effective than e-cigarettes in aiding with smoking cessation? Database searches in CINAHL, Medline, and PsycINFO resulted in reviewing 20 primary sources. E-cigarettes are often used instead of conventional cigarettes, though long-term effects are not completely understood. Cognitive interventions, especially coupled with evidence-based medications and other therapies, provided substantial short-term abstinent rates, although longer-term rates were often not examined. Most researchers have examined college students’ use or perceptions of e-cigarettes, and their success quitting smoking with cognitive interventions. In general, college students perceive e-cigarettes as less harmful than conventional cigarettes, are less likely to be realistic about the harm of tobacco products, and are more likely to be overly optimistic about their ability to quit smoking.

Research Sponsor

Carolyn Sutter

First Reader

Lisa Hart

Second Reader

Lori Kidd

Honors Faculty Advisor

Christine Graor



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