College

Buchtel College of Arts and Sciences

Date of Last Revision

2021-04-13 11:33:18

Major

Geology

Honors Course

3370: 497-003

Number of Credits

6

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Date of Expected Graduation

Summer 2021

Abstract

Analyzing the strength of synthetic quartz is essential to understanding the strength of natural milky quartz, which likely controls the strength of Earth’s continental crust. Synthetic quartz is sometimes used for deformation experiments because it has a homogenous water distribution unlike natural milky quartz. The purpose of this study is to determine if annealing synthetic quartz at T = 600°C will convert the water in synthetic quartz to free water, like milky quartz, but with little water loss. Following two annealing experiments at Texas A&M University, I performed four annealing experiments to measure the water content of five synthetic quartz crystals annealed at T = 600°C for several durations for a total annealing time of 5580000 seconds. Then, I measured the water contents after each annealing experiment. Analyses showed that the water loss was very small (~10%), but the water still resembled gel-type water of synthetic quartz, rather than free water in inclusions similar to that found in natural milky quartz.

Research Sponsor

Dr. Caleb Holyoke

First Reader

Dr. David Steer

Second Reader

Dr. John Senko

Honors Faculty Advisor

Dr. John Peck

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