College of Health Professions (CHP)
Date of Last Revision
Exercise Science - PrePhysical Therapy
Number of Credits
Bachelor of Science
Date of Expected Graduation
Long distance running has become a highly-participated activity throughout the world, allowing individuals to reap the health benefits and become physically fit. The issue with endurance running, or long distance running, is that an overuse in the lower extremities often results in injuries in the leg, foot, ankle, or hip. Often, these lower extremity injuries are not caused by overuse, but rather, an issue with biomechanics. The purpose of this literature review is to study three biomechanical variables and how they relate to injuries. Cadence, foot strike pattern, and vertical oscillation are biomechanical variables that contribute to injury rates. Most of the studies used in this review look at how these variables relate to loading rate as an indirect method in predicting injury rates. An increase in cadence, a forefoot strike, and a lower vertical oscillation produce a lower loading rate on the legs, resulting in a decrease in injures. Vertical oscillation needs to be manipulated in further studies to conclude a relationship to injury rates. This review will allow current and future professionals to alter an individual’s gait pattern to help treat and reduce injuries in long distance runners.
Honors Faculty Advisor
Stricklen, Nicholas, "The Effect of Biomechanical Variables on Injury Rates: A literature Review" (2020). Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects. 1072.