Ralph Ditano


THE UNITED STATES supplemental air carriers' trace their origin to the mid-nineteen forties when as nonscheduled carriers they operated largely under exemptions to the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938,1 which were granted by the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB).' In 1962, Congress amended the Federal Aviation Act of 1958" to provide for permanent legitimacy of supplemental air carriers under regulations requiring certificates of public convenience and necessity from the CAB.5 There are currently eight certificated United States supplemental air carriers, one of which is nonoperational;6 each is authorized to engage in both domestic and international charter operations.'Since their very inception, the United States supplementals have continuously attempted to unshackle themselves from the regulatory and legislative constraints which have bound their growth and consequently the availability of their services to the traveling public.