Susan A. Burns


This Comment begins with an introduction to the history and purpose of the juvenile justice system, and the procedure for transferring juveniles to adult courts. Part II discusses the United States Supreme Court cases that began eroding the original purpose of the juvenile court by affording juveniles some of the same constitutional rights enjoyed by adult offenders. Part III focuses on Ohio's present juvenile transfer procedure to adult court, discussing the broad discretionary power given to juvenile court judges in electing to do so. Part IV describes the criteria Ohio juvenile court judges use to determine whether to transfer juveniles, showing its subjectivity and possible need for restraint. Part V provides information on Ohio's new legislation in juvenile law, effective January 1, 1996. This Comment concludes with suggestions to reform the juvenile justice system and help it to return to accomplishing its original goal: helping children to cope with their problems and to deter them from delinquent behaviors.

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Juvenile Law Commons