With their independence, the Justices emerged, not, as Madison imagined them, a unified definition of reason but with diverging strains of legal mindedness that, as they almost inevitably clashed with each other, developed that added strength which emerges from dialectic. Madison's vision may have been too simple.
Constitutional theory is heavily concentrated in the area of judicial review, and the three issues raised in Marbury v. Madison are still subjects of heated debate and controversy. It is remarkable how topical this opinion remains.
"Three Variations of the Supreme Court's Legal Mind,"
Akron Law Review: Vol. 24:
1, Article 5.
Available at: https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/akronlawreview/vol24/iss1/5