The judicial reference device set out in Rule 53 of the Ohio Rules of Civil Procedure was touted in 1974 as a procedure capable of relieving the "problem of justice delayed" by "easing the increasing judicial burden" on a besieged judiciary." While judicial reference is certainly no panacea for the problem (if numbers alone are a valid indicator), it is difficult to refute claims that the reference device contributes to a more efficient and speedy administration of justice.
Perna, Richard P.
"Refereeing the Referees: The Continuing Procedural Muddle in Cases of General Reference Pursuant to Ohio Rule of Civil Procedure 53,"
Akron Law Review: Vol. 19
, Article 7.
Available at: https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/akronlawreview/vol19/iss4/7