John P. Patkus


Regardless of this elaborate mechanism set up to save failing newspapers, there has been an alarming number of failures of big city papers in recent years: Washington, Philadelphia, Cleveland, and Buffalo lost newspapers since the middle of 1981 and became one-newspaper towns. In light of this apparent failure of the NPA to achieve its stated purpose of "maintaining a newspaper press editorially and reportorially independent and competitive in all parts of the United States," this article attempts to answer two questions: How has the NPA been dealt with by the courts, and how effective has the NPA been in practice?