After the decisions in Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U. S. 335 (1963), Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U. S. 436 (1966), and Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U. S. 478 (1964), which revealed the Supreme Court's solicitude of the constitutional rights of adults, it seemed improbable that the lower courts would long be permitted to continue ignoring the constitutional rights of juveniles. Thus the decision in the principal case, which represents a breakthrough in the assurance of a fair hearing to minors, comes as no surprise. The case holds that under the Fourteenth Amendment a juvenile has a right to notice of the charges against him, to counsel, to confrontation of his accusers, to cross-examination, and to invoke the privilege against self-incrimination.
Kunczt, Robert M.
"Constitutional Rights of Youthful Offenders; In the Matter of Gault,"
Akron Law Review: Vol. 1
, Article 6.
Available at: https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/akronlawreview/vol1/iss1/6