Collagen as a scaffold for biomimetic mineralization of vertebrate tissues
Collagen is a well known protein component that has the capacity to mineralize in a variety of vertebrate tissues. In its mineralized form, collagen potentially can be utilized as a biomimetic material for a variety of applications, including, for example, the augmentation and repair of damaged, congenitally defective, diseased or otherwise impaired calcified tissues such as bone and cartilage. In order to effect an optimal response in this regard, the manner in which collagen becomes mineralized is critically important to understand. This paper provides details concerning collagen–mineral interaction and its implications with respect to designing biomimetic mineralizing collagen that will be functionally competent in its biological, chemical, and biomechanical properties.