Morphology Development in Main-Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymer Fibers during Solvent Evaporation
A nonequilibrium thermodynamic approach has been developed for describing the emergence of fiber morphologies from a liquid crystalline polymer solution undergoing solvent evaporation, including fibrillar structures, concentric rings, and spiral structures. We utilized Matsuyama–Kato free energy for main-chain liquid crystalline polymer (MCLCP) solutions, which is an extension of Maier–Saupe theory for nematic ordering and incorporates a chain-stiffening, combined with Flory-Huggins free energy of mixing. Temporal evolution of the concentration and nematic order parameters pertaining to the above free energy density of liquid crystalline polymer solution was simulated in the context of time-dependent Ginzburg–Landau theory coupled with the solvent evaporation rate equation under the quasi-steady state assumption. The emerged morphological patterns are discussed in relation to the phase diagram of the MCLCP solution and the rate of solvent evaporation. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 45: 429–435, 2007
Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics
Dayal, Pratyush; Guenthner, Andrew J.; and Kyu, Thein, "Morphology Development in Main-Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymer Fibers during Solvent Evaporation" (2007). Polymer Engineering Faculty Research. 969.