In situ compatibilization of PP/EPDM blends during ultrasound aided extrusion
Blends of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) and uncured ethylene–propylene diene rubber (EPDM) of various concentrations were treated by high power ultrasonic waves during extrusion. Die pressure and power consumption were measured. The effects of different gap sizes, blend ratios and number of ultrasonic horns were investigated. The rheological properties, morphology and mechanical properties of the blends with and without ultrasonic treatment were studied. In situ compatibilization of the blends was observed as evident by their more stable morphology after annealing, improved mechanical properties and IR spectra. The obtained results indicated that ultrasonic treatment induced the thermo-mechanical degradations and led to the possibility of enhanced molecular transport and chemical reactions at the interfaces. Processing conditions were established for enhanced in situ compatibilization of the PP/EPDM blends.
Isayev, Avraam, "In situ compatibilization of PP/EPDM blends during ultrasound aided extrusion" (2004). Polymer Engineering Faculty Research. 46.