Comparative study on development of structural hierarchy in constrained annealed simultaneous and sequential biaxially stretched polylactic acid films
Structural evolution during constrained annealing of PLA films biaxially stretched in simultaneous and sequential biaxial stretching was compared. Annealing of simultaneous biaxially stretched films yields films with in-plane isotropy with (100) crystallographic planes parallel to the surface. The first stage of sequential stretching where the films are stretched in Uniaxial constrained mode was found to yield films exhibiting transverse isotropy. The transverse stretching of these films lead to formation of a distinct second population of chains primarily oriented in transverse direction, generating bimodal orientation texture. When the extent of stretching in two directions are balanced, constrained annealed samples were found to exhibit uniplanar axial (100) texture with the primary chain axial direction now switched to transverse direction. Two new superstructures, along  and  respectively were discovered in annealed PLA films.
Ou, X. and Cakmak, Mukerrem, "Comparative study on development of structural hierarchy in constrained annealed simultaneous and sequential biaxially stretched polylactic acid films" (2010). Polymer Engineering Faculty Research. 261.