Electrospinning and Characterization of Highly Sulfonated Polystyrene Fibers
Nanofibers of highly sulfonated (IEC ∼4.5 meq/g) polystyrene (SPS) were successfully electrospun. To accomplish this, the process of electrospinning this difficult-to-spin material was studied in detail. Fiber quality was optimized by manipulating the process and solution variables to fabricate continuous bead-free fibers. Bead-free fibers (average diameter 260 nm) were electrospun from 25 wt% SPS (500 kDa) in DMF at an electrode separation of 10 cm, an applied voltage of 16.5 kV and a flow rate of 0.3 mL/h. With increasing solution concentration, and thereby the solution viscosity, the morphology changed from beads to bead-on-string fibers to continuous cylindrical fibers. Beaded fibers and continuous bead-free fibers of SPS (500 kDa) could be spun at ∼2 Ce and 3.5 Ce, respectively, where Ce is the entanglement concentration determined from solution-viscosity measurements. The onset of formation of beaded fibers coincided with a sharp transition in the scaling of the storage modulus-concentration relationship.
Subramanian, Chitrabala; Weiss, Robert; and Shaw, Montgomery T., "Electrospinning and Characterization of Highly Sulfonated Polystyrene Fibers" (2010). Polymer Engineering Faculty Research. 2107.