Ternary Evaluation of UV-Curable Seed Oil Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Coatings Using Experimental Design
Inorganic/organic hybrid coatings were prepared using epoxidized linseed oil with combinations of the two sol–gel precursors (titanium(IV) isopropoxide, tetraethyl orthosilicate), and a telechelic silicate based on a modified oligomeric caprolactone. The coatings were UV-cured with sulfonium initiators which concomitantly cured the epoxy functional organic phase and the sol–gel inorganic phase to form a co-continuous inorganic/organic system. A ternary experimental design was employed to elucidate the influence of inorganic modifier on the mechanical properties of the inorganic/organic hybrid coatings. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) was used to evaluate radius of gyration of the metal-oxo-cluster. Various coating properties, such as hardness, impact resistance, adhesion, solvent resistance, and surface energy were investigated as a function of sol–gel precursors. Inorganic/organic hybrid coatings containing both tetraethyl orthosilicate and the modified caprolactone resulted in improved hardness and solvent resistance with no loss of impact strength. The inclusion of titanium(IV) isopropoxide in to the systems resulted in a systematic reduction in the coatings properties. This was attributed to inhibition of the organic crosslinking process as a consequence of absorption of ultraviolet light by the titanium-oxo-clusters.
Soucek, Mark, "Ternary Evaluation of UV-Curable Seed Oil Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Coatings Using Experimental Design" (2004). Polymer Engineering Faculty Research. 1891.