Polymer Engineering Faculty Research

New Architecture for High-Efficiency Polymer Photovoltaic Cells Using Solution-Based Titanium Oxide as an Optical Spacer

Xiong Gong, The University of Akron


Polymer photovoltaic cells with power conversion efficiencies approaching 5 % have been fabricated using titanium oxide (TiOx) as an optical spacer (see Figure). Solar cells with a TiOx layer (deposited via a sol–gel process) between the active layer and the electron-collecting aluminum electrode exhibit approximately a 50 % enhancement in short-circuit current compared to similar devices without the optical spacer, as a result of modification of the spatial distribution of the light intensity inside the device.