In natural and synthetic materials having non-racemic chiral centers, chirality and structural ordering each play a distinct role in the formation of ordered states. Configurational chirality can be extended to morphological chirality when the phase, structures possess low liquid crystalline order. In the crystalline states the crystallization process suppresses the chiral helical morphology due to strong ordering interactions, In this Letter, we report the first observation of helical single lamellar crystals of synthetic non-racemic chiral polymers. Experimental evidence shows that the molecular chains twist along both the long and short axes of the helical lamellar crystals, which is the first time a double-twist molecular orientation in a helical crystal has been observed.
Physical Review Letters
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Copyright 1999 American Physical Society. The original published version of this article may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4558.
Li, Christopher Y.; Cheng, Stephen Z. D.; Ge, Jason J.; Bai, Feng; Zhang, John Z.; Mann, Ian K.; Harris, Frank W.; Chien, Lang-Chy; Yan, Donghang; He, Tianbai; and Lotz, Bernard, "Double Twist in Helical Polymer "Soft" Crystals" (1999). College of Polymer Science and Polymer Engineering. 15.