Transversely Isotropic Mechanical Properties of PVC Foam under Cyclic Loading
yclic material tests were done on Divinycell PVC H100 foam to obtain out-of-plane and in-plane compression and shear material properties after foam yielding. The compression and shear stress–strain behaviors were very similar to each other except that a plateau (flow) stress occurred after yielding in compression, while the foam underwent mild strain hardening after shear yielding. The ratio of out-of-plane to in-plane stiffness and yield strength for the PVC H100 was found to be approximately 3/2 in both the compression and shear modes. After viscoplastic yielding, the foam underwent permanent damage and exhibited hysteresis, mainly in the form of viscoelasticity. Damage that occurred in the foam after it yields followed the pattern of Mullins damage, i.e., the damage was essentially fixed at a given strain amplitude, and more damage occurred with increasing the strain amplitude. Hysteresis was much more pronounced as the damage grew, suggesting that viscoelastic properties of the foam could be changing with the amount of damage.
Journal of Materials Science
Chen, Lingling and Hoo Fatt, Michelle S., "Transversely Isotropic Mechanical Properties of PVC Foam under Cyclic Loading" (2013). Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research. 132.