Investigation of the Effect of Reaction Conditions on the Synthesis of Multiarm-star Polyisobutylene--polystyrene Block Copolymers
New multi-arm star block copolymers comprising of rubbery polyisobutylene (PIB) midsegment and glassy polystyrene (PS) end blocks have been synthesized by carbocationic polymerization using a new multifunctional initiator, hexaepoxy squalene (HES), with TiCl4 coinitiator, di-t-butylpyridine (DtBP) as a proton trap and N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA) as an electron pair donor in methylcyclohexane (MeCHx)/methyl chloride (MeCl) solvent mixtures at −80 °C. It was found that reaction conditions, such as solvent composition, HES/isobutylene (IB) ratio and TiCl4 concentration, have profound influence on initiator efficiency and functionality. Living conditions were achieved in the presence of DMA in MeCHx/MeCl 60/40 v/v, while in the absence of DMA, the Mn–conversion plot showed a considerable intercept. Depending on the reaction conditions, the PIB midblocks had 3–10 arms. Reaction rates increased with increasing solvent polarity and TiCl4 concentration. Living narrow molecular weight distribution PIBs (Mw/Mn=1.1–1.2) were reacted with styrene (St) solution containing DtBP and DMA to yield multiarm-star PIB–PS block copolymers. Blocking was evidenced by SEC analysis and copolymers with 8.9–28.6 wt.% PS, Mn∼164,000–609,000 g/mol and Mw/Mn=1.32–1.88 were successfully synthesized.
European Polymer Journal
Kwon, Yongmoon and Puskas, Judit, "Investigation of the Effect of Reaction Conditions on the Synthesis of Multiarm-star Polyisobutylene--polystyrene Block Copolymers" (2004). Chemical, Biomolecular, and Corrosion Engineering Faculty Research. 516.