Dynamic Stress Relaxation of Thermoplastic Elastomeric Biomaterials
In this paper we present the results of comparative dynamic stress relaxation studies performed with poly(styrene-b-isobutylene-b-styrene) (SIBS), polyurethane (PU) and polyester (PED) biomaterials in air and simulated body fluid (SBF) at 24 °C and 37 °C. SIBS showed the highest value of relieved stress under constant strain (24.1% after 100,000 cycles in air) with PED and PU having similar relative change (12.2% and 10.5%). In spite of its softness (Shore A 56 vs. 80), the dynamic modulus (Edyn) and stiffness of SIBS were in between PED and PU. The behavior of the materials was correlated to their structure: SIBS is an amorphous block copolymer with a long elastomer midblock, while PU and PED are semicrystalline segmented copolymers with much shorter soft blocks, and hydrogen bonding. SIBS and PED were relatively insensitive to SBF and temperature changes, while PU experienced the largest changes in physical properties in vitro (simulated body fluid, 37 °C).
Puskas, Judit; El Fray, Miroslawa; Tomkins, Matthew; Dos Santos, Lucas M.; Fischer, Frank; and Altstädt, Volker, "Dynamic Stress Relaxation of Thermoplastic Elastomeric Biomaterials" (2009). Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research. 492.