lay caregivers; Amish; Mennonite; burdock leaf treatment; B&W; sociocultural values; social support


Oil therapy massage is a part of the care of burns and wounds done by plain, lay caregivers in Amish and Mennonite communities across the United States and Canada. Oil therapy massage is used to manage scarring and to improve joint functionality and skin and tissue integrity. The purpose of this article is to describe oil therapy massage as a complementary part of after-burn care in the context of sociocultural values of plain populations in which caregivers are a part of the B&W movement. This article includes a brief description of the caring and sharing culture of plain peoples; a short history of the B&W movement; an account of the development of after-burn care; an abbreviated explanation of the oil therapy massage procedure; and details of several cases of people who were cared for with oil therapy massage. [Abstract by authors.]