Polymer Science Faculty Research

Title

Contact of Oil with Solid Surfaces in Aqueous Media Probed Using Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-28-2011

Abstract

We have studied the interface between hexadecane droplets and sapphire substrates in water using infrared-visible sum frequency generation spectroscopy (SFG). At high pH and above the isoelectric point of the sapphire substrate, the hexadecane drop is repelled due to electrostatic forces. The SFG measurements are consistent with the observation that a thick layer of water is present between the oil and the sapphire substrate. Below the isoelectric point of the sapphire substrate, the hexadecane drops stick to the sapphire surface. Surprisingly, the SFG results show the presence of a thin layer of water between hexadecane drop and the sapphire substrate. At this contact interface, we observe contributions to the SFG signal from both the hexadecane/water and water/sapphire interfaces. The reasons for the presence of a thin water layer with adhesive contact can be explained due to weaker repulsive double layer and the attractive van der Waals interactions.

Publication Title

Langmuir

Volume

28

Issue

5

First Page

2567

Last Page

2573