In this work we attempt to answer several questions concerning the flow characteristics of entangled polymer solutions in a sliding plate shearing cell. We explore (a) how the molecular weight distribution affects the velocity profile in simple shear, (b) whether the observed shear banding is consistent with a nonmonotonic constitutive model, (c) whether the flow response and velocity profiles are different in simple shear depending on the different modes of shear. Our results provide a comparison with recent reports on a polydisperse polymer sample [Tapadia and Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 016001 (2006); Tapadia, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 196001 (2006)] that revealed the first evidence for inhomogeneous shear during startup in cone-plate flow geometry of a rotational rheometer. Using a highly monodisperse sample, we observed the sample to partition into two fractions with different local shear rates instead of possessing a smooth spatial variation of the local shear rate as seen for the polydisperse samples. In the stress plateau, the shear banding appears to involve various local shear rates instead of just two values. (c) 2007 The Society of Rheology.
Journal of Rheology
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Copyright 2007 American Institute of Physics. The original published version of this article may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.2424947.
Boukany, Pouyan E. and Wang, Shi-Qing, "A Correlation Between Velocity Profile and Molecular Weight Distribution in Sheared Entangled Polymer Solutions" (2007). College of Polymer Science and Polymer Engineering. 92.