The Nature of Oxide Films on Tungsten in Acidic and Alkaline Solutions
Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) data of W in acidic solution were characterized by modes associated with hydration ( , 942 cm−1) as well as modes characteristic of (816 cm−1). At applied anodic potentials, the content in the oxide was greater than the content, while at applied cathodic potentials the content was larger. These results are consistent with a bilayer film on W in acidic solution which consists of a compact inner layer of and an outer layer of Rotating disk electrode experiments (RDE) demonstrated that the passive dissolution (i pass) of W in acidic solution increased with the angular velocity of the electrode. An increase in i pass and a corresponding decrease in the thickness of the surface layer with increasing angular velocity is consistent with a reversible dissolution mechanism where dissolution is limited by the mass transport of a loosely bound layer from the surface. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements found that W dissolution in acidic solution was associated with an adsorption pseudocapacitance presumably due to the outer layer. The value of this pseudocapacitance increased with increasing angular velocity, indicating thinning of the layer consistent with RDE and SERS results. Results for W in alkaline solution are also presented.
Lillard, Robert, "The Nature of Oxide Films on Tungsten in Acidic and Alkaline Solutions" (1998). Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research. 462.