Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research

Title

A Reduced Reaction Model for Carbon Cvd/cvi Processes

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2002

Abstract

Carbon–carbon composites are produced by chemical vapor deposition/chemical vapor infiltration (CVD/CVI) processes. Models of carbon–carbon composite production processes will help reduce production costs. Reliable process models must, however, include details of the gas phase kinetics in order to identify optimal conditions. We have combined detailed gas phase kinetics, surface kinetics, and a pore closure model to predict pore geometry changes with respect to time. To determine the dominant gas phase kinetics, we reduced a large set of reactions to a minimal set using a sensitivity, rate, and dimensional analysis approach. These robust and relatively fast techniques can be used under a variety of conditions, including those within the pores of the composite. The process model shows that the deposition profile depends on the kinetic model chosen. Using the more realistic reaction model, conditions for uniform, or inside-out, densification can be suggested.

Publication Title

Carbon

Volume

40

Issue

5

First Page

675

Last Page

683