Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research

Title

Temperature Induced Changes in Morphology and Structure of Tio2-al2o3 Fibers

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Spring 5-2012

Abstract

Electrospinning of a sol-gel and polymer mixture is used to produce titania-alumina (TiO2–Al2O3) fibers with diameters ranging from 200 to 800 nm. These composite metal-oxide fibers were calcined at various temperatures and their morphology is studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The decrease in the average diameter of the fibers with increasing temperature is observed. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) reveals that up to 800 °C the composite fibers have anatase titania structure whereas at 900 °C the fibers exhibit mixture of anatase and rutile phases. It is found that specific surface area decreases as a function of temperature in the 700–900 °C range. The change in phase (anatase-to-rutile) and the increase in crystallite size occur simultaneously. The presence of smaller amount of amorphous alumina in the primarily titania-based structure seems to play the role in stabilizing the anatase phase.

Publication Title

Current Applied Physics

Volume

12

Issue

3

First Page

919

Last Page

923