Nanofibers from Recycle Waste Expanded Polystyrene Using Natural Solvent
A new recycling technique has been developed. In this method, EPS (expanded polystyrene), generally called Styrofoam, is dissolved with natural solvent, d-limonene and electrospun. This method can economically produce the nanofibers. The electrospinning process produces a nonwoven mat of long polymer fibers with diameters in the range of 10–500 nm and high surface areas per unit mass. PS (Polystyrene) polymer dissolved in different solvents such as THF (Tetrahydrofuran), DMF (Dimethylformaide), and DMAc (Dimethylacetamide) etc. may all be electrospun into nanofibers. These solvents cause environmental problem and difficulty of process handling. Natural solvent, d-limonene is used for dissolving PS. PS nanofibers are produced with PS solution using d-Limonene. This paper describes the use of polystyrene (PS) nanofibers electrospun from recycled EPS solution dissolved in d-limonene. The electrospun polystyrene nanofiber diameters vary from 300 to 900 nm, with an average diameter of about 700 nm.
Shin, C. and Chase, George, "Nanofibers from Recycle Waste Expanded Polystyrene Using Natural Solvent" (2005). Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Faculty Research. 387.