Synthesis of Carbamate through Low Pressure Heterogeneous Oxidative Carbonylation of Amines
The process disclosed herein satisfies the need in the art for an industrially viable oxidative carbonylation catalytic system, and is capable of producing carbamates at a significantly higher rate than those processes reported in journal and patent literature. This reaction process takes place via a reaction mechanism that does not involve drastic conditions. Specifically, the catalytic system of the present invention employs Group VIII metal catalysts and/or copper-based catalysts with halide promoters to produce carbamates through heterogeneous oxidative carbonylation at atmospheric pressure and relatively non-drastic temperatures in a gas-solid carbonylation process.
Chen, Bei; Chi, Yawu; Chuang, Steven; and Toochinda, Pisanu, "Synthesis of Carbamate through Low Pressure Heterogeneous Oxidative Carbonylation of Amines" (2003). Polymer Science Faculty Research. 241.