Morphology development in polymer fibers undergoing solvent/non-solvent exchange
The solvent/non-solvent interchange across the fiber surface affects the morphology of the fiber in various ways. In this paper, simulations have been performed to elucidate the diverse morphologies obtained during spinning of polymer fibers under the presence of a non-solvent. The proposed model deals with a ternary system derived from Cahn-Hilliard equation, alternatively known as Time Dependent Ginzburg Landau-TDGL model B equation, involving the spatio-temporal evolution of concentration order parameter. Depending on the coexistence region of the ternary phase diagram, various fiber morphologies including concentric bands, internal microfibrillar structures, and porous structures were discerned. It may be inferred that the formation of the aforementioned diverse morphologies is a direct consequence of the initial conditions of the starting mixtures in a manner governed by the relative rates of solvent/non-solvent exchange and the dynamics of phase separation.
Dayal, Pratyush and Kyu, Thein, "Morphology development in polymer fibers undergoing solvent/non-solvent exchange" (2007). Polymer Engineering Faculty Research. 950.