Polymer Engineering Faculty Research


Factors Influencing the Stability and Film Properties of Acrylic?Alkyd Water-Reducible Hybrid Systems Using a Response Surface Technique

Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 2012


Acrylic-grafted-alkyd resins were prepared by free radical chemistry. Long, medium, and short oil alkyds were prepared using soybean oil, glycerol, phthalic anhydride (PA), and tetrahydrophthalic anhydride (THPA) and used as the alkyd phase. Acrylic co-monomer formulas containing methyl methacrylate (MMA), butyl acrylate (BA), methacrylic acid (MAA), and vinyl trimethoxysilane (VTMS) were polymerized in the presence of the different alkyds using 2,2′-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as the initiator to obtain the final grafted structures. Design of experiments was used to understand how different variables in the synthesis of the acrylated-alkyds affect the film performance. A Box–Behnkin design was used, varying the oil length of the alkyd phase, the degree of unsaturation in the polyester backbone, and acrylic to alkyd ratio. Acrylic–alkyd hybrid resins were reduced with an amine/water mixture. The hydrolytic stability of hybrid alkyd dispersed in water was evaluated. Cured films were prepared and basic coatings properties were also evaluated. It was found that the oil length of the alkyd is the most dominant factor for final coatings properties of the resins. The hydrolytic stability was dependent on the acrylic to alkyd ratio. The oil length of the alkyd backbone had a minimal effect on stability of the resin and film performance.



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