Polymer Engineering Faculty Research


Investigation of Grafting Sites of Acrylic Monomers onto Alkyd Resins via gHMQC Two-Dimensional NMR: Part 1

Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 2012


Acrylic monomers were grafted onto alkyds via free radical chemistry. The alkyd was a medium oil soya-based alkyd with glycerol, phthalic anhydride, and tetrahydrophthalic anhydride (THPA) as the other components. To identify the specific graft locations, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy techniques were utilized. Gradient heteronuclear multiple quantum coherence (gHMQC) 2D NMR was required to assign the chemical shifts of the 1D carbon and proton NMR spectra. Three acrylic monomers, methyl methacrylate (MMA), butyl acrylate (BA), and methacrylic acid (MAA) were grafted to the alkyd, resulting in either MMA, BA, or MAA modified alkyds. Two-dimensional gHMQC spectra for each system confirm grafting at doubly allylic hydrogens located on the fatty acid chains and the polyol segment of the alkyd backbone. The gHMQC spectra show no evidence of grafting across double bonds on either pendant fatty acid groups or THPA unsaturation sites for any of the monomer choices.



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