Synthesis and Properties of Acrylate Functionalized Alkyds via a Diles-alder Reaction
The α-eleosterate pendent fatty acid of a tung oil based alkyd was functionalized via a Diels–Alder reaction with three different acrylate groups: (1) 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate, (2) 3-methacryloxypropyl trimethoxysilane, and (3) triallyl ether acrylate. The modified alkyds were characterized by using 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The drying time was measured at ambient temperature. The viscoelastic properties of the alkyd-modified films were measured using dynamic mechanical thermal analysis. The viscoelastic and drying time results show that the alkyd modified with siloxane and triallyl group affords a faster drying time, higher crosslink density, and higher glass transition temperature compared to the unmodified alkyd, whereas the fluorinated alkyd possesses surface active properties, but suffers in terms of drying and crosslinking density.
Soucek, Mark, "Synthesis and Properties of Acrylate Functionalized Alkyds via a Diles-alder Reaction" (2012). Polymer Engineering Faculty Research. 1848.