Polymer Engineering Faculty Research


Natural Frequencies of Composite Cylindrical Helical Springs Manufactured Using Filament Winding

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

Fall 2009


We devised a novel technique to fabricate composite cylindrical helical springs using glass, and carbon fibers and in hybrid form, embedded in a matrix of epoxy resin, thus introducing a novel approach to spring making by incorporating the versatility of the filament winder. Our method allows us to vary the dimensions of the spring with considerable ease. This is accomplished in three stages. The first stage involves the proper selection of the resin and hardener. In the next stage, the glass and carbon fibers are completely soaked in a resin bath and encased in PVC tubing of three different inner diameters, which determine the wire diameter of the composite spring. Using a filament winding technique, these fiber filled tubes are wound on PVC mandrels of three different diameters. The natural frequencies of the manufactured composite springs were measured experimentally to study the influence of dimensional parameters, i.e., diameter ratios (D/d) and number of active turns (N = 6 and 7) on the free vibration frequencies. The natural frequencies for glass and carbon fiber and hybrid springs were measured using an MTS fatigue tester, and the resonance of the springs were captured using a digital camera.

Publication Title

ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference



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