Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research


Constraint Effects on the Ductile-to-Cleavage Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels: A Weibull Stress Model

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This study examines crack front length and constraint loss effects on cleavage fracture toughness in ferritic steels at temperatures in the ductile-to-brittle transition region. A local approach for fracture at the micro-scale of the material based on the Weibull stress is coupled with very detailed three-dimensional models of deep-notch bend specimens. A new non-dimensional function g(M) derived from the Weibull stress density describes the overall constraint level in a specimen. This function remains identical for all geometrically similar specimens regardless of their absolute sizes, and thus provides a computationally simple approach to construct (three-dimensional) fracture driving force curves σw vs. J, for each absolute size of interest. Proposed modifications of the conventional, two-parameter Weibull stress expression for cumulative failure probability introduce a new threshold parameter σw−min. This parameter has a simple calibration procedure requiring no additional experimental data. The use of a toughness scaling model including σw−min>0 increases the deformation level at which the CVN size specimen loses constraint compared to a 1T SE(B) specimen, which improves the agreement of computational predictions and experimental estimations. Finally the effects of specimen size and constraint loss on the cleavage fracture reference temperature T 0 as determined using the new standard ASTM E1921 are investigated using Monte Carlo simulation together with the new toughness scaling model.

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International Journal of Fracture





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