Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research


Stress Response of a Rubber Block with Frictional Contact under Axial Loading

Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 1-2015


Rubber blocks (or springs) are structural components widely used in many applications. Design characteristics of a rubber block under axial loading are an apparent modulus (or compression modulus) and normal and shear stresses on contact surfaces. These are affected by a contact condition of the rubber block in contact with two rigid plates and the shape of the block. The problem of a rubber block bonded to two rigid plates has been solved using various approaches. In contrast, for a rubber block whose one surface is bonded to a rigid plate and the other surface in contact with a frictional surface, there is little work in spite of practical applications. For this contact condition, approximate solutions for rectangular blocks in plane strain and for axi-symmetric discs are derived under the assumption of Coulomb frictional contact. The problem is treated as an extension of the problem of an incompressible rubber block bonded to two rigid plates with one of the plates having a frictional interaction with the rubber block. In the linear range of deformation, finite element analysis and experimental results for rubber blocks with shape factors ranging from 1 to 6 are compared for the validation of analytic results. It is found that friction coefficients play important roles in the design characteristics of the rubber block.

Publication Title

International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics





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