Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research


Microstructure, Tensile Deformation and Fracture Behaviour of Aluminium Alloy 7055

Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 6-1997


The microstructure, tensile deformation and fracture behaviour of aluminium alloy 7055 were studied. Detailed optical and electron microscopy observations were made to analyse the as-received microstructure of the alloy. Detailed transmission electron microscopy observations revealed the principal strengthening precipitates to be the hexagonal disc-shaped η′ phase of size 2 mm×20 mm and fully coherent with the aluminium alloy matrix, the presence of spheroidal dispersoids, equilibrium grain-boundary η precipitates and narrow precipitate-free zones adjacent to grain-boundary regions. It is shown that microstructural characteristics have a profound influence on tensile deformation and fracture behaviour. Tensile test results reveal the alloy to have uniform strength and ductility in the longitudinal and transverse orientations. Strength marginally decreased with an increase in test temperature but with a concomitant improvement in elongation and reduction in area. No change in macroscopic fracture mode was observed with sample orientation. Fracture, on a microscopic scale, was predominantly ductile comprising microvoid nucleation, growth and coalescence. The tensile deformation and fracture process are discussed in the light of the competing influences of intrinsic microstructural effects, matrix deformation characteristics, test temperature and grain-boundary failure.

Publication Title

Journal of materials Science





First Page


Last Page