Date of Last Revision

2017-12-11 05:03:52



Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Date of Expected Graduation

Summer 2017


Prenatal opioid abuse is a serious public health concern and linked with numerous health consequences for both mothers and children. Despite research describing negative outcomes of drug use during pregnancy, it is still a prevalent problem in the United States, with researchers finding that women are at highest risk for substance abuse during their reproductive years. Opioid abuse during pregnancy is common, including opioids such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine, and heroin. Use of these drugs results in both short and long term side effects for the mother and child. Therefore, the prevalence of this problem should not be underestimated. It is important for nurses to understand this problem and promote health in populations of women, specifically of reproductive age, and children with the use of evidence-based practice. The purpose of this review is to describe and critically analyze evidence about outcomes of prenatal illicit opioid abuse in pregnant women and treatment methods utilized in an attempt to increase the likelihood of favorable outcomes. This will be done by completing a literature review consisting of professional academic sources published within the past ten years.

Research Sponsor

Debra Horning

First Reader

Dr. Michelle Zelko

Second Reader

Dr. Sherri Hartman



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.