Buchtel College of Arts and Sciences (BCAS)
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The development of osteomyelitis after surgical osteotomies and fracture repair in canines can propose serious health risks, ultimately leading to additional intervention from veterinarians that can become costly for pet owners and effect prognosis for the patient. Preventive measures are currently implemented during surgery and postoperatively. However, infection rates still range from 3.0% to 7.9% (Clark et al., 2018). By examining traumatic bone fracture healing versus surgical osteotomies in canines through the collection of both clinical and radiographic medical records, our primary objective was to further understand the physiological mechanism by which osteomyelitis develops. Limitations related to the collection of cases and medical records that met inclusion criteria resulted in an uneven sample size between surgical osteotomy cases (n=42) and fracture cases (n=8). Due in part to the limited availability of fracture cases, we did not observe a higher incidence of bone infection in canines following traumatic bone fracture versus those who underwent surgical osteotomy. There were slightly higher reports of complications in surgical osteotomy versus fracture cases characterized by abnormal localized swelling, surgical site drainage, and abnormal localized swelling on postoperative radiographs. No differences in the presence or absence of fever or abnormal periosteal reaction were observed. Further data collection using a larger and equal number of surgical osteotomy and fracture cases may aid in detecting significant differences between groups.
Honors Faculty Advisor
Gsellman, Grace, "Examining Traumatic Bone Fracture Healing Versus Surgical Osteotomies in Canines and Resulting Rates of Infection" (2020). Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects. 1187.