Buchtel College of Arts and Sciences (BCAS)
Date of Last Revision
Number of Credits
Bachelor of Science
Date of Expected Graduation
With an increase in popularity among young adults using vaping devices (electronic cigarettes) instead of cigarettes, the effects of these vapors combined with other substances, such as oral contraceptives, is not widely studied. Women who smoke traditional cigarettes while taking oral contraceptives have a greater risk for cardiovascular disease, stroke, and thromboembolism. Due to similarities between cigarettes and e-cigarettes, further studies need to examine the effects of e-cigarettes while taking oral contraceptives. This literature review discusses the hypotheses associated with the combined use of vaping devices while taking oral contraceptives. Proposed experimentation includes zebrafish as the model organism. The fish would be split into four different groups: control group, vapor exposed group, oral contraceptive group, and vapor + oral contraceptive group. Once exposed for up to one week, the clotting time of the zebrafish caudal vein would be observed. Analysis of the data would follow. Future directions of experimentation are discussed.
Honors Faculty Advisor
McCausland, Kristen, "Effect of Vaping and Estrogen/Progesterone on Coagulation of Blood in Danio rerio: A Literature Review" (2020). Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects. 1063.