College of Health Professions (CHP)

Date of Last Revision

2020-05-04 14:21:01


Nursing RN/BSN Akron

Honors Course

Nursing Research Honors

Number of Credits


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Date of Expected Graduation

Spring 2020


Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a growing issue in today’s society, especially in women of the childbearing age who use substances during pregnancy. As use of substances, such as opiates, increases in the United States, the healthcare industry has noticed a significant rise in the number of neonates born with symptoms of NAS withdrawal. Through the analysis and synthesis of research, the purpose of this paper is to appraise the evidence regarding the effects of supplemental nonpharmacological interventions, specifically rooming-in and breastfeeding, compared to standard pharmacological treatment, on NAS withdrawal symptoms. Twenty peer-reviewed research studies conducted between 2010 and 2018 were obtained from scholarly databases. These studies were then analyzed based on relevance to neonates experiencing NAS symptoms in relation to nonpharmacological interventions including rooming-in and breastfeeding. Researchers have consistently concluded that rooming-in and breastfeeding have positive impacts on NAS outcomes such as decreased need for pharmacological treatment, severity of NAS withdrawal symptoms, and length of stay.

Research Sponsor

Debra Horning

First Reader

Mary Burton

Second Reader

Amy LePard

Honors Faculty Advisor

Christine Graor



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