The 39th Congress of the U.S. was one of the most important Congresses in the nation’s history.
Meeting as the Civil War ended and Reconstruction began, it was the Congress that enacted legislation and proposed a constitutional amendment that was designed to secure the peace and prevent future wars. It passed more legislation than any other Congress up to that time. Among the most important statutes enacted was the act creating the Freedman’s & Refuges Bureau, the 1866 Civil Rights Act, and the Fourteenth Amendment.
The University of Akron Constitutional Law Center’s 39th Congress project addresses the important and continuing role of the actions of this Congress by posting materials about the 39th Congress, providing links to research materials about it, and biographical articles concerning members of the 39th Congress.
On Misreading John Bingham and the Fourteenth Amendment, Richard L. Aynes
The Antislavery and Abolitionist Background of John A. Bingham, Richard L. Aynes
Martin Welker: Ohio's Unsung Hero, Aaron Boothby
Robert Cumming Schenck: Ohio's Bitter, Fearless Fighter, Devin C. Capece
James M. Ashley, Robin J. Lau
Biography of Rufus Paine Spalding, Daniel J. Petricini